Wolfgang Peuker was born in 1945 in Aussig (today Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic), but moved with his family to Halle/Saale (Saxony-Anhalt). From 1963 to 1965 he attended evening classes at the Academy of Fine Arts in Leipzig. From 1965 to 1970 by he completed a study course there under Harry Blume, Bernhard Heisig, Wolfgang Mattheuer and Werner Tübke. Peuker was awarded the Art Prize of the City of Leipzig and the Art Prize of the GDR. In 1984 he took part in the Venice Biennale. In 1993 he became professor at the Weissensee University of the Arts, Berlin. Peuker died in Berlin in 2001.